What Is Civil Design?

Civil design is the planning and designing of the physical and naturally built environment from roads and buildings to dams. If you live in a city or a town, almost everything that has been built is a product of civil design as most structures, large and small, require the help of a civil designer. The clean water you drink comes from a facility that a civil designer designed. The dams and power stations that transport the electricity you need to read this page was designed by a civil designer. Civil design is extensively used in the creation of habitable areas such as cities and towns.


History of Civil Design

Engineering itself is one of the oldest professions in the world, Civil design is the second oldest profession, the first being Military Engineering. Civil design applied mathematics to buildings and structures in the ancient world. How else do you think the pyramids were designed and made? The first civil design school, the National School of Bridges and Highways, opened in France in 1747, and since then the discipline was further developed into what it is today.


The Roles of Civil Designers

Civil designers design, construct, supervise and maintain construction projects. Some spend their time in the office designing and testing models while others are out in the field surveying and overlooking construction projects. Civil designers are very analytical people as they analyze survey reports, maps and other data to plan projects. During the planning stage they must consider almost every aspect of the project from construction costs to governmental regulations. Civil designers must be able to compile and submit permit applications to the respective agencies so that their projects comply with various regulations. In many cases civil designers test building materials for particular projects and provide cost estimates not only for the materials they chose, but also the equipment to be used and labor. Civil designers mostly spend their time designing and testing their projects in computer software such as AutoCAD, Rhihno3D and Revit. Although many civil designers and their projects are employed by the public sector, many of them are also employed by the private sector to work on anything from homes to office buildings.